Sun energy empowers Ethiopian village
Rema village in northern Ethiopia, home to the country's largest solar project
By Ellen Otzen
BBC World Service
Two years after the installation of a solar power project funded by international aid groups, villagers in northern Ethiopia say the sun's energy has turned their lives around.
Rema, 150 miles north of the capital Addis Ababa, is home to Ethiopia's largest solar project.
Samson Tsegay (R) says people are suspicious of solar power
Here, every house in the village has electricity powered by solar lighting systems.
This is unique in Ethiopia - 80% of the population live in rural areas where only 1% of the population has access to electricity.
Lighting up the countryside has long been a challenge for African governments. Unlike houses in urban areas, villages in rural areas are often difficult to connect to the national electricity grid.
Solar power has been touted by some as the long-term solution to Africa's energy needs.
Domestic solar panels can provide cheap, clean and reliable electricity.
Light for homework
The village roofs are dotted with solar panels. One panel gives them about four lamps. The energy can also used for radios and tape recorders.
Solar power has had a significant impact on the lives of people living here.
Elfenesh Tefera, 40, enjoys solar energy at home with her farmer 50-year-old husband Aseged Hailemariam.
"Our kids can do their homework at night now, because there is light. They are very happy," says Ms Tefera.
"We've had solar energy for over a year now. We're very happy because we're saving money. Altogether we have eight children, and for our kids at school the solar energy is great."
Because of solar panels, Hirut Kebede now has more customers in her bar
Her husband adds: "We're taking care of the panels so that we don't have to spend money replacing them."
A local bar has increased its turnover because of solar energy. With lamp running on solar energy, people stay in the bar after darkness. falls.
Cold beer is in high demand in Rema - the bar's solar-powered fridge has made it available.
25-year old bar worker Hirut Kebede says solar panels have changed her life.
"I don't have to struggle with smoke [from the gas lamps] any more. Before we used gas lamps, we had to keep bottles cold by putting them in the sand," she said.
"Now we have more customers and compared to before I sell a lot more than I used to."
Samson Tsegaye is the country director of the solar energy foundation in Ethiopia, says there are currently 300 requests for new solar home systems in Rema.
Houses can now get power 24 hours a day
There are currently 2,100 solar home systems in the village.
Because of its solar power, Rema has become attractive to people from other areas. Paraffin for lamps is often hard to find in rural areas. As a result, newcomers are settling in and building new houses in the village.
A solar technician training school has been set up in Rema where students from technical schools are trained to manage solar energy.
There are currently 33 solar energy technicians who have been trained at the school in Rema, all working in different parts of Ethiopia.
"People are sometimes suspicious of energy coming from the sun," says Mr Tsegaye.
"Some say that it is the devil's work. It was difficult for them to understand at the beginning. But when they have light in their homes, they are really happy.
"They are 24-hour light users, and that is better than the big cities in this country."