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More dissent in Eritrea, a country where dissent is not tolerated

By Abraham T. Zere/March 7, 2018/

Screenshot from a video of the recent protest in Asmara, Eritrea.

The death of a respected elder while in jail has prompted an outpouring of grief and anger on the streets of Asmara.

Screenshot from a video of the recent protest in Asmara, Eritrea.
Screenshot from a video of the recent protest in Asmara, Eritrea.

Last week, the respected elder Hajji Musa Mohammednur inspired aggrieved crowds in Eritrea‘s capital and shook the confidence of the regime. This was the second, and last, time he will have done so in the past few months.

This first occasion was when the well-known Eritrean figure was arrested last October. The 93-year-old had recently criticised a government decree to nationalise Al Diaa Islamic School, whose board he chaired. His detention was one of the triggers that prompted hundreds to take to Asmara’s streets in an uncommon show of defiance a few days later, leading to a brutal crackdown.

Speaking to parents and teachers before his arrest, Mohammednur had said he was prepared to sacrifice his life in resisting the state’s plan. The second time he stirred people to mobilise was last week when he did just that.

Mohammednur’s condition deteriorated during the months of his incarceration. In December, his poor health reportedly prompted the office of President Isaias Afwerki to instruct that he be released and put under house arrest. The nonagenarian refused to leave prison unless those arrested along with him were also let out. “You can carry my dead body out of here, but I am not leaving alone,” he is reported to have said. He died a few months later.

When family members went to collect Mohammednur’s body and bring it to the mosque for prayer, witnesses say they were joined by thousands more who wanted to pay their respects. On 3 March, the community leader’s funeral was held. The procession quickly escalated into an angry demonstration. Sources say some people threw stones at the police, who opened fire in an attempt to disperse the crowds as defiant youth carried the coffin through the streets. There have not been reports of casualties, but residents of the capital claim warning shots could be heard until late in the evening.

Witnesses say Asmara has been tense in the days since. In one of the world’s most repressive countries, they claim that fully-equipped anti-mob police have been deployed and that there have been several arrests. An opposition news-site suggests close to a thousand people have been rounded up. Sources within the police forces say stations are on emergency alert.

The death of a respected elder

Mohammednur was a widely-recognised individual in Eritrea. He was a key figure in organising the 1960s pro-independence student demonstrations in which Afwerki participated, and he was once arrested for his active role in Eritrea’s armed struggle.

His younger brother, Taha Mohammednur, was a co-founder of the Eritrea Liberation Front (ELF), the rebel group that started the war of independence. The current ruling party, the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ), originated as a splinter of the ELF. Taha also died in custody, in 2008. He had served in several senior government posts after Eritrea’s liberation before he was arrested in 2005 alongside several other prominent figures on unspecified charges.

The outpouring of grief and anger following Mohammednur’s death last week can partly be explained by his influence and reputation. The elder’s decades-long service and dedication to his community and country earned him a deep respect. It was for this that he was made president of Al Diaa Islamic School despite his advanced years.

Sometimes when prominent individuals have been arbitrarily arrested in Eritrea, they have been quietly dismissed as possible accomplices or quickly forgotten by the wider community. But this was not the case with Mohammednur. After his detention, sheikhs at Al Khulafa Al Rashiudin, Asmara’s biggest mosque, reportedly took the bold step of using their Friday sermons to urge adherents to stand by him. Sources say that since the protest in October, most of the capital’s mosques have been subjected to tight security. It is even believed President Afwerki himself followed Mohammednur’s case closely and was personally behind the order of the prisoner’s release in December.

Security forces also seemed well aware of the possible flare up the elder’s death might cause. They allegedly delayed the release of his body for a day in order to avoid it coinciding with Friday prayers, when which large numbers of people gather. However, that did not stop mourners mobilising a day later for Mohammednur’s funeral.

A sign of things to come?

That large demonstration of popular frustration was one more sign that the government’s faith in the power of the gun to maintain control and keep the population silent is increasingly being challenged today.

The police on the streets of Asmara are said to be nervous. The same may well be true of officials in the President’s Office following another public expression of dissent in a country where the price of expressing dissent is high. In Eritrea, the free press has been stifled and thousands of political prisoners languish in appalling conditions.

On the one hand, Afwerki’s government may be quietly relieved by the passing of Mohammednur despite the disturbances it inspired. His death means authorities longer have to deal with a man who commanded wide respect, whose age-old credentials as an Eritrean patriot were tough to question, and whose recent open defiance was causing it trouble.

However, on the other hand, the incarceration, maltreatment and ultimate death of the admired nonagenarian at the hands of the regime may mark another step in its slow unravelling. In the eyes of some of Eritrea’s citizens, Mohammednur’s sad demise may only further confirm the government’s moral bankruptcy as they grow increasingly tired of, and increasingly bold in their resistance to, Afwerki’s almost 27-year rule.


Business, Economics & Development / 10 richest prime ministers
« Last post by staff3 on March 06, 2018, 06:05:20 PM »
10 richest prime ministers

Leading a country is no easy feat but the following list shows that it’s a job that can attract immense wealth. Here are the ten richest Prime Ministers, past and present.

1. Vladimir Putin $70 Billion

Former Prime Minister and current President of Russia, Vladimir Putin is former member of the KGB. He amassed his fortunes through business ventures that allowed for his fortuitous acquisition of formerly state owned assets. His net worth stands at $70 Billion

2. Silvio Berlusconi $8.3 Billion

While no longer in power, Italian ex-Prime Minister Berlusconi’s time in office was marked by several scandals and political gaffes that make him impossible to forget. He served three separate terms between 1994 and 2011 and has a net worth of approximately $8.3 Billion from his media interests.

3. Bidzina Ivanishvili $5.2 Billion

A self made billionaire, Ivanishvili turned to politics in 2012. He served as Georgia’s Prime minister from 2012 to 2013 before stepping down. His net worth is estimated at $6.3 Billion.

4. Kim Jong-Un $5 Billion

Supreme Leader of North Korea and successor to his deceased father, Kim Jong-II, Kim Jong-Un boasts a net worth of $5 Billion. Though not technically a Prime Minister, he assumes many of the same duties.

5. Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum $4 Billion

The UAE has developed a reputation of late for big spending in the area of construction and lavish displays of wealth. Its Prime Minister and Emir Sheikh of Dubai boasts an impressive net worth of over $4 Billion. This was earned through a combination of family wealth and business ventures.

6. Najib Mikati $3.5 Billion

He made his fortunes with a business venture he started with his brother before entering politics. He served as Prime Minister of Lebanon until 2013 when he stepped down in the wake of a bombing in front of one his buildings and increasing violence in general. His net worth is estimated at $3.5 Billion.

7. Meles Zenawi $3 Billion

Zenawi’s term as Prime Minister of Ethiopia ended in 1995, but he remained active in politics long after. He was praised up until he passed away for his tireless work in alleviating poverty. He died with a net worth of $3 Billion.

8. Wen Jiabao $3 Billion

Former Prime Minister of China, Jiabao’s impressive wealth comes from his family’s investments. They focused on insurance and commodities and from the late nineties to the present becoming quite rich. Jiabao left office in 2013 with a net worth of just under $3 Billion including family assets.

9. Saad Hariri $2 Billion

This former Prime Minister of Lebanon was ousted from government back in 2011 but during his time in office he was one of the wealthiest heads of state with a net worth estimated at $2 Billion. The majority of this was earned through his stake in his family’s construction company, Saudi Oger.

10. Benazir Bhutto $800 Million

British educated Benazir Bhutto served as Prime Minister of Pakistan twice. Her father had held the post before her until he was forced from office. During her 2007 election campaign she was murdered most likely to prevent her from returning to power. Her net worth was over $800 Million.
MIT study shows how much driving for Uber or Lyft sucks
4 minutes ago

Ride-hailing giants Uber and Lyft are delivering pitiful levels of take-home pay to the hundreds of thousands of US independent contractors providing their own vehicles and driving skills to deliver the core service, according to an MIT CEEPR study examining the economics of the two app platforms.

The report catalyses the debate about conditions for workers on gig economy platforms, and raises serious questions about the wider societal impacts of tax avoiding, VC-funded tech giants.

The study, entitled The Economics of Ride-Hailing: Driver Revenue, Expenses and Taxes, and which was carried out by the MIT Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, surveyed more than 1,100 Uber and Lyft ride-hailing drivers combined with detailed vehicle cost information — factoring in costs such as fuel, insurance, maintenance and repairs — to come up with a median profit per hour worked.

The upshot? The researchers found profit from ride-hail driving to be “very low”. On an hourly basis, the median profit was $3.37 per hour, with 74% of drivers earning less than the minimum wage in the state where they operate.

They also found a median driver generates $0.59 per mile of driving but incurs costs of $0.30 per mile; and almost a third (30 per cent) of drivers were found to incur expenses exceeding their revenue or to be losing money for every mile they drive.

The research also looked at how ride-hailing profits are taxed, and suggests that in the US a majority of driver profits are going untaxed owing to how mileage deduction is handled for tax purposes — suggesting Uber and Lyft’s business are denuding the public purse too.

From the study:

On a monthly basis, mean profit is $661/month (median $310). Drivers are eligible to use a Standard Mileage Deduction for tax purposes ($0.54/mile in 2016) which far exceeds median costs per mile of $0.30/mile. Because of this deduction, most ridehailing drivers are able to declare profits that are substantially lower. Mean drivers who use a Standard Mileage Deduction would declare taxable profit of $175 rather than the $661 earned. These numbers suggest that approximately 74% of driver profit is untaxed.

The authors add that if their $661/month mean profit is representative then the US’ Standard Mileage Deduction facilitates “several billion in untaxed income for hundreds of thousands of ride-hailing drivers nationwide”.

So what does the study tell us about the ride-hailing business model? “It tells us that it’s a shitty place to work,” says Mark Tluszcz, co-founder and CEO of Mangrove Capital Partners who has described the gig economy model as the modern day sweatshop, and says his VC firm made a conscious decision not to invest in gig economy companies because the model is exploitative.

“It tells you that it’s a great place if you’re a company. It’s really a poor place to be an employee or be a worker.”

The exploitative asymmetry of ride-hailing platforms comes because workers have a certain amount of fixed costs but the platform intermediary can just hike its commission at will and lower the service cost to the end user whenever it wants to increase competitiveness vs a rival business.

“At the end of the day there are a certain amount of fixed costs [for drivers],” says Tluszcz. “You have to buy a car, you have to get insurance, you have to pay for gas… And if you as an intermediary, which those platforms are, are taking an increasing amount of commission — 10%, 15%, now 20 in most of their markets — and then you’re using the price of the trip as a way of beating your competitor… then you as a driver are sitting there with basically all of your fixed costs and your income is going down and frankly the only way to cover your costs is to spend more hours in the car.

“Which is frankly what’s clearly illustrated by this study. These people have to spend so much time to cover their costs when you break it down to an hourly revenue, it’s a pitiful amount. And by the way you have no social coverage because you’ve got to take care of that yourself.”

At the time of writing neither Uber not Lyft had responded to a request for comment on the MIT study. But an Uber spokesperson told The Guardian the company believes the research methodology and findings are “deeply flawed”, adding: “We’ve reached out to the paper’s authors to share our concerns and suggest ways we might work together to refine their approach.”

Tluszcz was quick to dispatch that critique. “MIT is not some second tier organization that did this study,” he points out. “For me that’s a reference moment when MIT says look, there’s an issue here… There’s something wrong in the model and we can tolerate it for a period of time but ultimately we’re creating this lost generation of people.”

“These business are built on situations in the market that are not realistic,” he tells TechCrunch. “They took advantage of a hole in legislation… Governments let that happen. And it made all of sudden services cheaper. But people have to eat. People have to live. And ultimately there’s only 100% of a cake.

“Cabbies in the UK are not millionaires; they make a decent living. But they make a decent living because there’s a certain price-point to offer the service. And in every industry you have that. There is a certain fair price point to be able to live in that industry… And clearly right now, in the ride-sharing businesses, you don’t have it.”

In Europe, where Uber’s business has faced a series of legal challenges, the company has begun offering some subsidized insurance products for platform workers — including one for Uber Eats couriers across Europe and a personal injury and insurance product for drivers in the UK.

In January in the UK it also announced a safety cap on the number of consecutive hours drivers on its platform can accept trips, after coming under rising political and legal pressure on safety and working conditions.

Last year Uber also lost its first appeal against an employment tribunal that judged a group of Uber drivers to be workers, not self-employed contractors as it had claimed — meaning they are entitled to workers rights such as holiday and sick pay.

Uber also had its license to operate in London withdrawn last fall, with the local transport regulator citing concerns about safety and corporate responsibility as key considerations for not renewing the company’s private hire vehicle license.

Tluszcz’s view is that such moves prefigure a more major shift incoming in Europe that could cement permanent roadblocks to business models that function via intentional worker exploitation.

“The flaw in the [gig economy] model as a worker is so big that it seems to be quite clear that European governments are going to be looking at this and saying this is just not the European ethos. It’s just not,” he argues. “There’s going to be a moment when all these things are clashing. And I think it’s a cultural clash that we have really, between European values of equity and American values of just pure market capitalism.

“You can’t expect somebody making $3.37 an hour to take a part of that to contribute to retirement and social coverage. What the hell do you live on?” he adds.

“We’re creating the next lost generation of people who simply don’t have enough money to live and those companies are fundamentally enabling it under the premise that they’re offering a cheaper service to consumers… And I just don’t think Europe will put up with this.”

Last month the UK government confirmed its intent to act on this area by announcing a package of labor market reforms intended to respond to changes driven by the rise of gig economy platforms. It dubbed the strategy a ‘Good Work Plan’ — billing it as an expansion of workers rights and saying “millions” more workers would get new day-one rights, coupled with a tighter enforcement regime on platforms and companies to ensure they are providing sick and holiday pay rights.

“We are proud to have record levels of employment in this country but we must also ensure that workers’ rights are always upheld,” said the UK prime minister, also emphasizing that her goal was to build “an economy that works for everyone”.

It’s likely to publish more detail on the employment law reform later this year. But the direction of travel for gig economy platforms in Europe looks clear: Away from being freely able to exploit legal loopholes and towards a much more tightly managed framework of employment and workforce welfare regulations to ensure that underlying support structures (such as the UK’s national minimum wage) aren’t just being circumvented by clever engineering and legal positioning.

“This for me is an inherent dilemma one has between capitalism and some level of socialism which we have in Europe,” adds Tluszcz. “This is a clash of two fundamentally different views of the world and ultimately as a company you have to be a company that views your role in society as one of being a contributor — and tech companies can’t hide behind the fact; they must do the same.

“And unfortunately all these ride-sharing businesses, and including most of these gig economy companies, are just trying to take advantage of holes and frankly I don’t see them at all looking at their reason to be as at least having a component of ‘I’m good for the society in which I operate’. They don’t. They just simply don’t care.

“That’s a dilemma we have as consumers, because on the one hand we like the fact that it’s cheap. But we wish that people could all have a decent living.”

Whether US companies will be forced into a less exploitative relationship with their US workers remains to be seen.

Tluszcz’s view is that it will need some kind of government intervention for these types of companies to rethink how their models operate and who they are impacting.

“Tech companies frankly have an equal amount of responsibility to be great corporate citizens. And right now it feels — particularly because many of these tech companies are born in the US — it almost feels like this Americanism about them says I don’t have to be a good corporate citizen. I’m going to take advantage of the world for me and my shareholders,” he says.

“I’m a capitalist but I do think there’s some moral guidance you have to have about the business you’re building. And the US tech companies, around the world — certainly in Europe — are being highly criticized… Where is your moral compass? And unfortunately, today, sitting here, you have to say they lost it.”

News and Current Events / Stratfor Worldview
« Last post by staff3 on March 01, 2018, 09:41:54 PM »
Stratfor Worldview
Mar 1, 2018 | 12:33 GMT

The Long-Running Headache of Minority Rule in Ethiopia
 A minority ethnic group, the Tigrayans, controls the country's military and government.(ZACHARIAS ABUBEKER/AFP/Getty Images)

The domination of Ethiopia's military, key economic assets and ruling coalition by the minority Tigrayan ethnic group will make reconciliation with other protesting ethnic groups difficult.

It is unlikely that the next prime minister will be able to quell the protests given the long-standing grievances against the current political system.

Deeper reform will occur only when hard-line Tigrayan elites believe that security crackdowns are no longer able to crush dissent.
The unrest in Ethiopia can be boiled down to three numbers: 35, 27 and six. The first two represent the percentage of ethnic Oromo and Amhara, respectively, that make up the country's 100 million people. But neither of those groups controls the reins of government. The Tigrayans – 6 percent of the population – do, and for decades, the Oromo, the Amhara and others have been protesting and pushing for more power. On Feb. 15, after months of escalating protests in the regions outside the capital of Addis Ababa, Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn resigned. And a day later, the central government declared another state of emergency, only six months after ending the last one. But Desalegn's replacement will face the same ethnic divisions, and until the Tigrayans concede some control, turmoil will continue to threaten the stability of this East African giant. 

Rule by the 6-Percenters

The Tigrayan ethnic minority has controlled the government in Ethiopia since the fall of the Dergue, the communist committee that brutally ruled the country from 1974 until 1991, when a rebel alliance of Tigrayans and others destroyed it. The Tigrayans now have control over the military, key economic assets and the ruling coalition, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), which underpins the country's political system. Over time, other ethnic groups have chafed under this rule; some have pushed for a looser federation, and others have sought greater centralization under their rule.

The two largest groups, the Oromo and Amhara, have agitated the question of deep reform to the political system for years. They want a greater say in a political process that is largely dominated by the Tigrayans. And they have used sit-ins, protest marches, and limited guerrilla-style attacks on police and businesses that appear linked to the central government. In response, Addis Ababa has cracked down by tightening its grip on social media, by making mass arrests of real or imagined protest leaders, and by taking tepid steps toward reform, including releasing some political prisoners.

But that suppression has had limited success. Though the current protests are nowhere near the intensity of those in 2016, they remain persistent and destabilizing for areas outside the capital. And the continued turmoil and resulting crackdowns have created sharper divisions within the EPRDF coalition. Desalegn was caught in the middle of this elite political struggle. He was largely seen as incapable of navigating among the coalition's factions, and his resignation soon followed. But a successor could emerge from within the ethnic Oromo camp within the ruling coalition. Some possibilities are Oromia Regional President Lemma Megersa, Ethiopian Foreign Minister Workneh Gebeyehu, and Dr. Abiy Ahmed, the head of the Oromo People's Democratic Organization, a party within the ruling coalition.

Despite the turmoil, the gross domestic product of Ethiopia has grown by almost 10 percent a year for almost a decade, making the landlocked country an emerging economic success story in East Africa.

Economic Costs
Despite the turmoil, the gross domestic product of Ethiopia has grown by almost 10 percent a year for almost a decade, making the landlocked country an emerging economic success story in East Africa. But the long-running unrest is tarnishing that growth. The protests in 2016 hurt foreign direct investment, which declined by more than 20 percent after attacks on foreign-owned businesses. This investment drop came amid a crippling and ongoing drought in the east and a decline in tourism. Current data suggest that investment has improved a little and that the drought has eased a bit during 2017-18, but tourism remains down. And Addis Ababa is aware of the economic potential of major projects, such as the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, and work on them will continue.

Holding on to Power
Regardless of who is placed at the top of the government — be it an Oromo figure or a politician from a tiny and powerless minority group — that selection is unlikely to be able to quell the overall protest movement. No matter the ethnic background of the new prime minister, many protesters will see him as a Tigrayan puppet who owes allegiance to the political system. And this will likely prove true, because the Tigrayans will not willingly surrender their hold on the military or other levers of state control. The government's six-month state of emergency — under which the government has enhanced powers to crack down on dissent — underscores the continued control of hard-line Tigrayan elites. Consequently, the next prime minister will likely have a weak hand when it comes to pushing for deep reforms.

Ethiopia's inability to manage its ethnic diversity has been the long-running source of its instability. Until the elites of the controlling Tigrayan minority see no other route, political reconciliation with the agitating ethnic groups will remain off the table. And the destabilizing protests outside the capital will continue to be a headache for the government.

A Muffled Insurrection in Ethiopia
Aug 19, 2016 | 09:30 GMT
Ethiopia: Prime Minister Calls It Quits as Unrest Rumbles On
Feb 15, 2018 | 19:02 GMT
#Finote Democracy ፍካሬ ዜና መጋቢት 02 ቀን 2010 ዓ.ም. (11 March 2018 Weekly NEWS SUMMARY)

#ርዕሰ ዜና #ወያኔ በርካታ ሰዎችን እያሰሰ በብዛት ያሰረ መሆኑ ተነገረ #ወጣቶች በብዛት እየታሰሩ ነው #የሶማሌ ልዩ ኃይል በሞያሌ ግድያ አካሄደ
• የሙት ከተማ አድማ በድጋሚ ይካሄዳል ተባለ #በአድዋ፣ የአድዋ በአል አከባበር ፍፁም ጎሰኝነትን የተላበሰ ነበር ተባለ #ለሦስት ቀናት የተካሄደው የሙት ከተማ አድማ ወያኔን ክፉኛ የጎዳ መሆኑ ታወቀ #ወያኔ የኢንተርኔት አገልግሎትን እያፈነ ነው #የውጪ ምንዛሪ ዜሮ መሆን ከውጪ ወደ ሀገር ውስጥ የሚገቡ ግዢዎችን ማስተጓጎሉ ተሰማ #አሜሪካ ወያኔን ለመጠገን እያደረገች ያለው ሴራ ተጋለጠ ##ዝርዝር ዜናዎች##
#ወያኔ በርካታ ሰዎችን እያሰሰ በብዛት ያሰረ መሆኑ ተነገረ

▪ባሳለፍነው ሳምንት ለሦስት ቀናት በተግባር ወያኔን ያራደው የሙት ከተማ አድማን ተከትሎ በርካታ ሰዎች እየታሰሩ እንደሆነ ከተለያዩ አቅጣጫዎች ከሚደርሱን መረጃዎች መገንዘብ ተችሏል፡፡ ወያኔ ባሳፍነው ሳምንት የበርካቶችን ደም አፍስሷል፡፡ የአስራ ሦስትና የእስራ አምስት አመት ህፃናትንና የሃምሳ አምስት አመት አዛውንትን ገድሏል፡፡ በወያኔ የተደገሉ ወጣቶች ቀብር ስነስርዐትን አውኳል፡፡ እንዲሁም ወያኔ በለገጣፎ፣ በአምቦ፣ በአርሲ፣ የኦሮሞ ፖሊሶችን ከሕዝብ ጋር ወግናችኋል በሚል እያሰረ መሆኑ ሲታወቅ ይህ የፖሊሶች እስራት በሰፊው እንደሚቀጥል ግምታቸውን በርካቶች ሲሰጡ አድምጠናል፡፡ ይህ በእዲህ እንዳለ የኦሮሚያ የፖሊስ አዛዥ በፈቃዳቸው ሥራቸውን መልቀቃቸው በሰፊው እየተነገረ መሆኑን አውቀናል፡፡ በተመሳሳይም ታዋቂው የፖለቲካ ተንታኝ እና በሶሻል ሚዲያ ነፃ ሀሳቡን ለአንባቢያን የሚያካፍለውን በአምቦ ዩኒቭርሲቲ ስር በሚገኘው የወሊሶ ቅርጫፍ መምህር የሆነው አቶ ስዩም ተሸመ መኖሪያ ቤቱ በግፈኛው የአጋዚ ጦር ተከቦ ታስሮ መወሰዱ የታወቀ ሲሆን ይህ ዘገባ እስተጠናከረ ጊዜ ድረስ የታሰረበት መዳረሻው አለመታወቁ ይነገራል፡፡
#በተለያዩ ከተሞች ወጣቶች በብዛት እየታሰሩ ነው
▪ በወለጋ፣ በአርሲ፣ በአምቦ፣ በቡራዩ፣ በአዳማ፣ በወሊሶ፣ በጅማ፣ በጪሮ፣ በወልቂጤ፣ በሰበታ፣ በሱሉልታ፣ በለገጣፎ፣ በአጠቃላይ በአዲስ አበባ ዙሪያ፣ ወዘተ. ወጣቶች በጅምላ እየታሰሩ፣ መኖሪያ ቤቶች በድንገት በቀንም በሌሊትም በአጋዚ ጦር እየተደፈሩ በፍተሻ ስም በኗሪዎች ላይ ድብደባና እንግልት እየተፈጸመ መሆኑን ከየአቅጣጫው ከሚደርሱን መረጃዎች ተረድተናል፡፡ ከአንድ ቤት ሁለትና ሦስት ልጆች እየታፈኑ መወሰዳቸውን
የሚገልጹ ወገኖች እንደሚሉት የታፈኑት የት እንደ ታሰሩ ስለማይገለጽ ወላጆችና ዘመድ አዝማድ ስንቅና ልብስ እንኳን የማቀበል እድል እንደተነፈጋቸው በምሬት እያነቡ መናራቸውን ከእማኞች ተገንዝበናል፡፡
#የሶማሌ ልዩ ኃይል በሞያሌ ግድያ አካሄደ
▪ ዐርብና ቅዳሜ እለት እንደ ከዚህ ቀደሙ የሶማሌ ልዩ ኃይል የሚባል ጦር በያቤሎ ሕዝብ ላይ ጥቃት በማድረሱ ሕዝቡ የደረሰበትን ጥቃት ለመመከት ባለው ኃይል እንደተሰማራ የወያኔ ጦር ወደ አስር የሚደርሱ ሰዎችን እንደገደለና በርካቶችን እንዳቆሰለ መረዳት ተችሏል፡፡ በዛሬው እለት እሁድ ወያኔ ኮማንድ ፖስት ያቤሎን የወረረው ኃይል ድንበር ጥሶ የመጣ ምንነቱ ያልታወቀ ኃይል መሆኑን በመጥቀስ ለደረሰው ጥፋት ይቅርታ በመጠየቅ የያቤሎ ሕዝብን የጨፈጨፉትን ወታደሮች ትጥቅ ማስፈታቱንና በቀጥጥር ማዋሉን በመጥቀስ ለደረሰው ስህተት ሕዝቡን የለበጣ ይቅርታ መጠየቁ እየገደሉ ማልቀስ የአረመኔዎች ባህርይ ነው ተብሏል፡፡
#የሙት ከተማ አድማ በድጋሚ ይካሄዳል ተባለ
▪ ወያኔ በእቸኳይ አዋጅ ስም ወታደራዊ አገዛዙን በማስፈን ሕዝብን እየጨፈጨፈ፣ እየደበደበ፣ እያንገላታ፣ የጅምላ እስራት እየፈጸመ በመሆኑ ባሳለፍነው ሳምንት የተካሄደው የሙት ከተማ አድማ በድጋሚ ከነገ ሰኞ አንስቶ እንደሚካሄድ ጥሪ የተላለፈ መሆኑን ከተለያዩ ምንጮች መገንዘብ ተችሏል፡፡በዚህ መሰረት ከአዲስ አበባ የሚወጡ እና ወደ አዲስ አበባ ከተለያዩ አቅታጫዎች የሚገቡ ማንኛውም ዐይነት የመጓጓዣ መኪናዎች እንቅስቃሴ እደሚስተጓጎል፣ የገበያ፣ የምግብ ቤቶች፣ መደብሮች፣ ትምህርት ቤቶች እና መስሪያ ቤቶች ሁሉ እንቅስቃሴ ጭጭ እንደሚል ይጠበቃል፡፡ በዛሬው እለት ወያኔ ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር ይሰይማል ተብሎ እየተወራ ቢሆንም የሕዝቡ ጥያቄ የጠገቡ ተባዮችን በተራቡና በተጠሙ ተባዮች ለመተካት ሳይሆን የተባዮች መፍያ የሆነውን የወያኔን ዘረኛ ስርዐት ከስሩ መንግሎ ለመጣል መሆኑን በርካቶች ያስረዳሉ፡፡ በነገው እለት የሚጀመረው ሕዝባዊ አድማ በበርካታ አካበባቢዎች እንደሚካሄድ ይገመታል ተብሏል፡፡
#በአድዋ፣ የአድዋ በአል አከባበር ፍፁም ጎሰኝነትን የተላበሰ ነበር ተባለ
▪ የወያኔ መሪዎች፣ ለዘመናት የአክሱም ታሪክ የትግራይ እንጂ የተቀረው ኢትዮጵያ እንዳልሆነ በእብሪት እየተናሩ ያሉትን በአድዋ ጦርነት ድልም እየደገሙት መሆኑን በአደባባይ የካቲት ሃያ ሦስት በአድዋ፣ በተከበረው የአድዋ ጦርነት የድል በአል በተከበረበት ወቅት አድዋ የዘመተው የኢትዮጵያ ሠራዊትን የመሩትና ለድሉ ከፍተኛውን አመራር የሰጡት አጼ ሚኒሊክ ስም እንዳይነሳ መደረጉን ወደ ስፍራው ከተጓዘ ቡድን መገንዘብ ተችሏል፡፡ እንዲህ ያለው ድርጊት ከወያኔ የሚጠበቅ እንደሆነ የሚጠቅሱ ወገኖች እንደሚሉት የአርበኞቹ ገድል በአሁኑ ወቅት ከመቼውም ጊዜ በላይ በሰፊው እየተነገረ በመሆኑ ወያኔ ታሪክን ለመበረዝና ለመከለስ እያደረገ ያለው ሴራ ይከሽፋል ብለዋል፡፡ ለሦስት ቀናት የተካሄደው የሙት ከተማ አድማ ወያኔን ክፉኛ የጎዳ መሆኑ ታወቀ
▪ ካሳፍነው ሰኞ እስከ እሮብ በተቀናጀ እና በተቀነባር ሁኔታ የተካሄደው ሥራ እና ገበያ፣ ማንኛውም ዐይነት የንግድ እንቅስቃሴ፣ የመጓጓዣ ካሚዮኖች እንቅስቃሴን ቀጥ ያደረገው ሕዝባዊ አመጽ በወያኔ ከፍተኛ የኤኮኖሚ ቀውስ እና የፖለቲካ ኪሳራ ማድረሱን መገንዘብ ተችሏል፡፡ ሕዝባዊ አመጹ ባስከተለው የኤኮኖሚ ቀውስ ወያኔ በቢሊዮኖች የሚቆጠር ኪሳራ እንደደረሰበት መገመት የተቻለ ሲሆን በፖለቲካም በተመሳሳይ ሁኔታ ወያኔ ከአሁን በኋላ እየወሻከተና እየወሳለተ የአገዛዝ እድሜውን በስንዝር እንኳ ማራዘም እንደማይችል የሙት ከተማው አድማ አሳይቷል ተብሏል፡፡
#ወያኔ የኢንተርኔት አገልግሎትን እያፈነ ነው
▪ ወትሮውንም ቢሆን እየተቆራረጠ ያለው የኢንተርኔት አገልግት በርካታ የሥራ መስኮችን እየጎዳ መሆኑን ሥራቸው ከኢንተርኔት አገልግሎት ጋር የተቆራኘ ወገኖች ምሬታቸውን እየገለጹ መሆናቸው ታወቀ፡፡ ወያኔ ሲያሰኘው የኢንተርኔት አገልግሎትን እንደሚዘጋው የሚታወቅ ሲሆን አንዳንዴ የኢንተርኔቱን የማገናኘት ኃይል በእጅጉ ይቀንሰውና ግንኙነት እንዲታወክ እያደረገ መሆኑ የተለያዩ የባንክ አገልግሎቶችን፣ የህክምና ግንኙነቶችን፣ የውጭ እና የሀገር ውስጥ ግብይቶችን፣ የኢንተርኔት አገልግሎት በመስጠት የተሰማሩትን፣ ወዘተ. እንቅስቃሴ እያሽመደመደው መሆኑን በመጥቀስ በርካቶች ምሬታቸውን ሲጠቅሱ ይሰማል፡፡ ወያኔ የኢንተርኔት አገልግሎትን የሚያፍነው ከሀገር ቤት ወደ ውጪ እና ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ የሚደረጉ የሶሻል ሚዲያ ግንኙነቶችን ለማፈን እንደሆነ የሚታወቅ ሲሆን ይህን የወያኔን አፈና ፒሲፎን እና ቪፒኤን በተባሉ እና በመሰል አፕሊኬሽኖች ማፍረስ መቻሉ እየተስተዋለ መሆኑን በርካቶች ያስረዳሉ፡፡
#የውጪ ምንዛሪ ዜሮ መሆን ከውጪ ወደ ሀገር ውስጥ የሚገቡ ግዢዎችን ማስተጓጎሉ ተሰማ
▪ ለተለያዩ ሥራዎች አስፈላጊ የሆኑ ከውጪ የሚገቡ ቁሳቁሶችን ለማስገባት የውጪ ምንዛሪ ባለመኖሩ እስከዚህ ወር ድረስ ግዢዎች ሳይፈጸሙ መክረማቸውን ለጉዳዩ ቅርበት ካላቸው ወገኖች መገንዘብ ተችሏል፡፡ ለቢሮ ሥራዎች አስፈላጊ የሆኑ ቁሳቁሶች ባለመገዛታቸው ሳቢያ ሥራ ለመስራት እንቅፋት መሆናቸው እየተነገረ ነው፡፡ ከዚህ ጋር በተያያዘ ለህይወት በእጅጉ አስፈላጊ የሆኑ መድሀኒቶች ከገበያ እየተሟጠጡ በመሄዳቸው ህሙማን እየተሰቃዩ እንዲሞቱ ተፈርዶባቸዋል ተብሏል፡፡
#አሜሪካ ወያኔን ለመጠገን እያደረገች ያለው ሴራ ተጋለጠ
▪ አሜሪካ የወያኔን አገዛዝ ለማራዘም የጥገና ለውጥ ለማምጣት በስልት ውስጥ ውስጡን እየሠራች መሆኗ ተጋለጠ፡፡ ከዚህ ቀደም በህወሀት ፊት-አውራሪነት በኢትዮጵያ የዘር ፖለቲካ እንዲነግስ በአሜሪካው ሲአይኤ በሚባለው የስለላ ድርጅት መሀንዲስነት ወያኔ አራት ኪሎ ቤተ-መንግስት እንደገባ የሚታወስ ነው፡፡ ይህ ድርጊት አሜሪካ በኢትዮጵያና በኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ከፈጸመቻቸው እኩይ ድርጊቶች አንዱ እንደሆነ የሚዘነጋ አለመሆኑን በአንክሮ የሚያነሱ የፖለቲካ አዋቂዎች እንደሚሉት በዚህ ወቅትም በኸርማን ኮኸን የሚመራ ብድን በድጋሚ የኢትዮጵያ የፖለቲካ ሁኔታን እያተራመሰ መሆኑን ሆምጨጭ ብለው ሲገልጹ ይደመጣሉ፡፡ ኸርማን ኮኸን በቅርቡ ለቪኦኤ የሰጠውን ቃለ-ምልልስ በማንሳት ሲአይኤ አሁንም ሌላ የዘር ፖለቲካ እንዲቀጥል እያሴረ መሆኑን ለመገንዛብ እንዳስቻለ ያነሳሉ፡፡ ይህ ኮኸን የተባለ ሰው አሁን ላለው ፖለቲካዊ ቀውስ መፍትሄው የጠቅላይ ሚንስትርነቱ ስልጣን በኦሮሞ መያዙን በመንሳት፣ እሱ ለቦታው ብቁ የሚለው ዶ/ዐብይ የተባለ በቅር የአወያኔ-ኦህዴድ ሊቀ-መንር የተደረገና የኦሮሚያ ፕሬዚዳንትነቱን እንዲያዝ የተደረገ፣ እንደ ሆነና ለዚህ ሰው ድጋፉን እንደሚሰጥም ይፋ አድርጎልናል፡፡ በመሰረቱ የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ጥያቄና እየተካሄደ ያለው ሕዝባዊ አመጽ ጥያቄ ወያኔ የፖለቲካ ሌባ እና የኤኮኖሚ ማጅራ መቺ በመሆኑ ወያኔ ይወገድ የሚል ነውና የእነኮኸን ሴራ ተንሳፎ የሚቀር ነው ተብሏል፡፡ በተያያዘም ሊታወቅ የሚገባው የወያኔ ቁንጮዎች በአጠቃላይ እየፈሰሰ በሚገኘው የሕዝብ ደም ተጠያቂዎች በመሆናቸው ወንጀለኛን በወንጀለኛ በመቀየር ግፍ ይበረክታል፣ ይስፋፋል እንጂ ቅንጣት ሕዝባዊ ለውጥ አያስከትልም በማለት የእነ ኮኸን ደባ በሕዝባዊ አመጽ ድባቅ ይመታል ተብሏል፡፡
#ወያኔ አንድ እንግሊዛዊው ጋዜጠኛ አባረረ
▪ በኢትዮጵያ ብሉምበርግ የተሰኘው የዜና ተቋም ወኪል የነበረው እንግሊዛዊው ዊሊያም ዳቪሰን በወያኔ የኢሚገሬሽን ባለስልጣናት ከሀገር መባረሩ ተሰማ፡፡ ጋዜጠኛ ዳቪሰን ከብሉምበርግ በተጨማሪ የታዋቂ ግራ-
ዘመም የእንግሊዝ ጋዜጣ ለሆነው ለጋርዲያንም የኢትዮጵያ ወኪል በመሆን እየሠራ እንደነበር የታወቀ ሲሆን ጋዜጠኛው በሚዘግባቸው ተጨባጭ መረጃዎች የወያኔን ገበና እያጋለጠ ነው በሚል ከሀገር እንዲባረር ተደርጓል
ተብሏል፡፡ ጋዜጠኛው በኢትዮጵያ ምንም ዐይነት የነፃ ጋዜጣ እንቅቃሴ አለመኖሩን ያጋለጠ ሲሆን በኢትዮጵያ በነፃ ጋዜጣና መጽሔት ስም በገበያ ካሉት አንድም የነፃ ጋዜጣና መጽሔት እንደማይገኝም በርካቶች ይናራሉ፡፡
#ለዝርዝር ዜናዎች > ከታች ይጫኑ (to listen detail news click below)
To Read:
To Listen PART 1:
ከአርበኞች ግንቦት ሰባትና ከትግራይ ህዝብ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ንቅናቄ የተሰጠ የጋራ መግለጫ (
Fri at 1:47 AM by Minilik Salsawi also on

በትግራይ ሥም እየማለና እየተገዘተ ለመንግሥት በትረ ሥልጣን የበቃው ህዝባዊ ወያኔ ሃርነት ትግራይ ላለፉት 26 አመታት በአገራችንና በህዝባችን ላይ ያልፈጸመው በደል የለም። ክፉንና ደጉን በመጋራት ለዘመናት ተቻችሎና ተፋቅሮ የኖረውን ህዝብ በቋንቋና በሃይማኖት በመከፋፈል በመካከላቸው የጠላትነት ግንብ ለመገንባት አቅም የፈቀደለትን ሁሉ አድርጎአል። የአገሪቱን የአንድነት ታሪክ ጥላሸት በመቀባትና ህብረተሰባችንን ድርና ማግ ሆኖው ያስተሳሰሩ የጋራ እሴቶችን በማጣጣል አንዱ የሌላው ጠላት ተደርጎ እርስ በርስ እንዳተያይና እንዳይተማመን በርካታ ተግባራትን አከናውኖአል። እራሱ የሚቆጣጠራቸውን የፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች በየክልሉ እያቋቋመና በራሳቸው ጸንተው የማይቆሙ ግለሰቦችን በመሪነት እያስቀመጠ በአገሪቱና በህዝቡ ጥቅሞች ላይ ዘላቂ ጉዳት ያላቸው ወንጀሎችን ፈጽሞአል።

እራሱን ብቸኛ የትግራይ ተወካይ በማድረግ “ህወሃትና የትግራይ ህዝብ አንድ ነው” የሚል ስብከት በህበረተሰቡ ውስጥ በማሰራጨት ለሚሰራቸው ወንጀሎች የትግራይን ህዝብ ምሽግ ለማድረግ ብዙ ጥሮአል። ለረጅም ዘመናት በሁሉም የአገሪቱ ክልሎች ኑሮውን መስርቶ ከአገሩ ህዝብ ጋር በሠላም ይኖር የነበረውን የትግራይ ተወላጅ በማስገደድና በማባበል አባል ካደረገ ቦኋላ በህዝብ ላይ ለሚፈጽማቸው ጥቃቶች መረጃ አቀባይ፤ ጉዳይ አስፈጻሚና ያካባቢው የሥርዓቱ የድጋፍ ኃይል አድርጎ ተጠቅሞበታል። በዚህም የተነሳ ለአመታት ተፋቅሮና ተከባብሮ ከሚኖረው ህዝብ ጋር እንዲጋጭና በጠላትነት እንዲተያይ አድርጎታል።

ካለፉት ሶስት አመታት ወዲህ በተለያዩ የአገሪቱ ክፍሎች በተነሱ የጸረ ወያኔ እንቅስቃሴዎች የበቀል እርምጃ እየተወሰደባቸው ካሉ የህወሃት ካድሬዎች በተጨማሪ ከህወሃት ጋር ምንም አይነት ግንኙነት ያልነበራቸው ሰዎችም የጥቃቱ ሰልባ እንደሆኑ መስማት እየተለመደ መጥቶአል። የዚህ አይነት ጥቃት እንዳይደርስ መከላከል የሚኖርብን ኢፍትሀዊ ስለሆነ ብቻ ሳይሆን ለዘላቂ ሰላማችንና አንድነታችን አደጋ ስላለው ጭምር ነው። ሰዎች ከህወሃት ጋር በመወገን የሠሩት ወንጀል ሳይለይ የሚወሰደ እንዲህ አይነት እርምጃ የሚያመለክተው ህወሃት በሥልጣን ዘመኑ ሁሉ ‘የትግራይ ህዝብና ህወሃት አንድ ነው” ብሎ ያካሄደው ቅስቀሳ ሰለባ መሆናችንን ነው። ይህ እንዲሆን ከተፈቀደ ደግሞ ህወሃት ሥልጣን ከእጁ የሚያመልጥ ከሆነ ህዝባችንን እርስ በርሱ ለማባላት የሚፈጽመውን ጥፋት የሚያሳካበት ዕድል መፍቀድ ስለሚሆን ለአገርና ለወገን የሚቆረቆር ቅን ዜጋ ሁሉ ይህንን አደገኛ ሁኔታ የማስቆም ግዴታ ይኖርበታል።

ህወሃት እኩይ አላማውን ለማሳካት ይረዳው ዘንድ የትግራይን ህዝብ ከሌላው ለመነጠል የሚያስችለውን ከፋፋይ ሴራ ለአመታት ሲያካሂድ በኢትዮጵያዊነቱና በአገሩ አንድነት ጥርጣሬ ከሌለው የትግራይ ህዝብ አብራክ የወጣው የትግራይ ምሁር አደባባይ ወጥቶ ድርጊቱን ማውገዝና መኮነን ሲኖርበት አይቶ እንዳላየ፤ሰምቶ እንዳልሰማ ዝምታን መምረጡ ትልቅ ስህተት መሆኑ መታወቅ ይኖርበታል። ይህ ዝምታ የፈጠረው አደጋ ምን እንደሆነ ከሰሞኑ ከወልደያቆቦና መርሳ አካባቢ በተደረገ ህዝብ አመጽ ታይቶአል። እንዲሁም በቅርቡ በተለያዩ ዩኒቨርስቲዎች ተቀስቅሶ በነበረው ተቃውሞ በህወሃት አገዛዝ ዘመን የተወለዱ ለጋ ወጣቶች እርስ በራሳቸው እንዴት አድረገው እንደተጨካከኑ ማስተዋል አገራችንን ምን አይነት ፈተና ተደቅኖባት እንደሚትገኝ የበለጠ ለመረዳት ያስችላል።

ስለዚህ በአገራችንና በህዝባችን ላይ ያንዣበበውን አደጋ ለመቀልበስ የሚቻለው ህወሃት ላለፉት 27 አመታት በመካከላችን የዘራውን የጥላቻና ያለመተማመን ግድግዳዎችን አፍርሰን ሁላችንም በጋራ ታግለን የህወሃትን ሥራአት ስንጥልና በምትኩ የእያንዳንዳችንን መብትና ጥቅም ማስከበር የሚችል ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሥርዓት በአገራችን ማስፈን ስንችል ብቻ እንደሆነ አርበኞች ግንቦት 7ና የትግራይ ህዝብ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ንቅናቄ (ትህዴን) ያምናሉ።

ይህንን ለማድረግ ደግሞ ሰፊው የትግራይ ህዝብ የህወሃት አምባገነን አገዛዝ በህዝባችንና በአገራችን ላይ እየፈጸመው ያለውን ወንጀል ለማስቆም የጀመረውን ህዝባዊ ትግል በማስቀጠልና መድረኩን በሚመጥን መልኩ በማጠናከር በተቀረው የአገራችን ክፍሎች በመካሄድ ላይ ያለውን ህዝባዊ ትግል ሲቀላቀለው ነው። የትግራይ ምሁራንም በዚህ ህዝባዊ እንቅስቃሴ በንቃት በመሳተፍ ሃላፊነታቸውን መወጣት ይጠበቅባቸዋል። ትግራይ ውስጥ ህወሃት የሚያደርሰውን በደል በመቃወምና አገራችንን ለመበተን የሚያደርገውን እንቅስቃሴ ለማስቆም ላለፉት ጥቂት አመታት አገር ውስጥና ከአገር ውጪ ሆነው በመታገል ላይ ያሉት እንደ አሬና ትግራይ ያሉ ድርጅቶች ባስቸጋሪ ሁኔታም ሆነው ቢያንስ ይህንን የወያኔ እኩይ ስራ በማጋለጥ በኩል የሚያደረጉትን እንቅስቃሴ እያደነቅን እነኝህ ድርጅቶች ከሌሎች ኢትዮጵያውያን ጋር በጋራ በመሆን የወያኔ ስርዓት እስኪወድቅ ድረስ ትግላቸውን አጠናክረው እንዲቀጥሉ እናበረታታቸዋለን። ከዚህም ባሻገር አርበኞች ግንቦት7ና የትግራይ ህዝብ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ንቅናቄ በጋራ እያካሄዱት ያለውን ትግል በመቀላቀል የህወሃትን አገዛዝ ዕድሜ እንዲያሳጥሩ ወገናዊ ጥሪ ስናቀርብላቸው ከሰሞኑ ተጋሩ የውይይት መድረክ በሚል ማዕቀፍ ሥር የተሰባሰቡ የትግራይ ተወላጆች ያወጡት መግለጫ እጅግ ወቅታዊና አገራችን የገባችበትን ችግር ጥልቀት በመገንዘብ የተወሰደ አቋም መሆኑን እውቅና በመስጠት የስብስቡ አባላትም የጋራ ትግላችንን እንዲቀላቀሉ ጥሪያችንን እናስተላልፋለን።

ህወህት የትግራይን ህዝብ በማስፈራራትና ከጎኑ ለማሰልፍ ከቅርብ ጊዜ ወዲህ ትግራይ ውስጥ የጀመረውን “እኔ ከሌለሁ የደርግ ርዝራዦች መጥተው ያጠፉዋችኋል” ቅስቀሳ ለትግራይ ህዝብ ክብር የማይመጥንና ህወሃት ጠባብ አላማውን ለማሳካት ለአመታት ሲያካሂደው የነበረው ተንኮል አካል መሆኑን አገር ውስጥም ሆነ ከአገር ውጪ የሚኖሩ የትግራይ ተወላጆች ለህዝባቸው በግልጽ መናገር ይኖርባቸዋል።

የህወሃትን እኩይነትና ጸረ ትግራይና ጸረ ኢትዮጵያ አቋም በመረዳት የሥልጣን ዕድሜውን ለማሳጠር ጠምንጃ ያነሱ በሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ የትግራይ ተወላጆችን ያቀፈው የትግራይ ህዝብ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ንቅናቄ(ደምህት) ከአርበኞች ግንቦት 7ና ሌሎች የፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች ጋር በመሆን የአገራችንን ትንሳኤ ለማምጣት አቅም የፈቀደውን ሁሉ ትግል እያካሂደ መሆኑ ሠፊው የትግራይ ህዝብና ወያኔ አንድ አለመሆናቸውን በተግባር የሚያረጋግጥ ነው። ስለዚህም በዚህ ትግል ውስጥ በቀጥታ የምትሳተፉ የሀገራችን ወጣቶች የወያኔ ስርዓት በመጥፊያው ጊዜ የትግራይን ህዝብ ከሌላው የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ ጋር አቆራርጦ ለመሄድ ለሚያደርገው ሴራ መሳሪያ እንዳትሆን የጋራ ጥሪያችንን እናቀርብልሀለን።

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News and Current Events / A Rare Victory for Ethiopia’s Victims
« Last post by staff3 on December 21, 2017, 03:42:59 PM »
A Rare Victory for Ethiopia’s Victims

Former Government Official Convicted in Dutch Court for 1970s Killings
Felix Horne, Senior Researcher, Horn of Africa @felixhorne1

The many victims of the brutal communist military dictatorship that ruled Ethiopia from 1974 to 1991, known as the Derg, had a rare victory this week. On December 15, former Ethiopian government official Eshetu Alemu was convicted of war crimes and sentenced to life in prison by a Dutch court for his role in ordering the executions of 75 people, including children under 18, in the 1970s.

Over 150,000 students, academics, and political opponents were killed during the Derg’s “Red Terror” campaign. Countless others were disappeared, arrested, or tortured. Senior Derg officials, including Chairman Mengistu Haile Mariam, were convicted of genocide in absentia in 2006 after a 12-year trial in Ethiopia’s courts. They were sentenced to life in prison. Eshetu, the Derg’s senior representative in Gojam province at the time of his crimes, had been sentenced to death in absentia by an earlier Ethiopian court. In 1991 when the Tigrayan Peoples’ Liberation Front (TPLF) overthrew the dictatorship, Mengistu fled to Zimbabwe where he was afforded protection by then-president Robert Mugabe. Eshetu fled to the Netherlands.

Eshetu’s conviction should send a powerful message that officials can and will be held to account for atrocities, and that the passage of time is no guarantee of impunity. This message is especially important in Ethiopia, where the TPLF, who has been in power since the Derg’s overthrow, has also committed serious abuses with impunity. These include its military’s murder, rape, and torture of Anuak civilians in Gambella in 2003 and 2004, and war crimes and crimes against humanity  in the Somali Region  in 2007.  Additionally, a brutal crackdown by government security forces against protesters beginning in 2015 left over a thousand dead. The government has not permitted independent investigations into any of these events and Ethiopia has strongly resisted calls for an international investigation. Justice and accountability for Ethiopia’s many victims in the last 50 years, has been all too rare.

For families of Ethiopia’s  many victims of torture, killings, and other serious abuses, Eshetu’s conviction should give them hope that those responsible will one day be held to account.
ኢትዮጵያውያን ነገ በፖለቲካ ችግሮቻቸው ላይ ይመክራሉ
Written by  አለማየሁ አንበሴ

ኢትዮጵያውያን ነገ በፖለቲካ ችግሮቻቸው ላይ ይመክራሉ
 *ታዋቂ ምሁራን፣ የተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ አመራሮች፣ የኢህአዴግ ተወካዮች፣ የደርግ ባለሥልጣናት፣ ባለሃብቶች፣ ደራሲያን ---- በመድረኩ ላይ ይጠበቃሉ

“ኢትዮጵያን ማን ይታደጋት?” በሚል መሪ ቃል፣ በሰማያዊ ፓርቲ አዘጋጅነት በነገው እለት በሚካሄደው ህዝባዊ ውይይት ላይ የሀገሪቱ ምሁራንና ታዋቂ ግለሰቦች ይመክራሉ ተብሎ እንደሚጠበቅ ፓርቲው ለአዲስ አድማስ አስታውቋል፡፡

ሰማያዊ ፓርቲ በአዲስ አበባ አምባሳደር ሲኒማ  አዳራሽ፣ ለ4 ተከታታይ ሳምንታት ያዘጋጀውን ህዝባዊ ውይይት በነገው ዕለት  እንደሚጀምር  የጠቆሙት የፓርቲው የህዝብ ግንኙነት ኃላፊ አቶ አበበ አካሉ፤ “ኢትዮጵያን ማን ይታደጋት? በሚለው ርዕሰ ጉዳይ ዙሪያ ምሁራን የሀገሪቱን ወቅታዊ ፖለቲካዊ ችግሮች  እንደሚፈትሹና የመፍትሄ አቅጣጫዎችንም እንደሚያመላክቱ አብራርተዋል፡፡   
በነገው ህዝባዊ ውይይት ላይ ከ1500 በላይ ተሳታፊዎች ይገኛሉ ተብሎ እንደሚጠበቅና በክብር እንግድነትና በተሳታፊነትም የሀገሪቱ ታዋቂ ምሁራንና ግለሰቦች፣ፖለቲከኞች፣አራቱ የኢህአዴግ አባል ድርጅቶች ተወካዮች፣ የተቃዋሚ ፓርቲዎች አመራሮች  እንዲገኙ ፓርቲው በደብዳቤ ጥሪ ማስተላለፉን አቶ አበበ ለአዲስ አድማስ አስታውቀዋል፡፡

በሀገሪቱ ወቅታዊ የፖለቲካ ችግሮች ዙሪያ በጥልቀት ይመክራል ተብሎ በታሰበው በዚህ ህዝባዊ ውይይት ላይ ፕ/ር መድህኔ ታደሰ፣ ፕ/ር መስፍን ወ/ማርያም፣ ሜ/ጀነራል አበበ ተ/ሃይማኖት፣ አቶ ክቡር ገና፣ ወ/ት ሰሎሜ ታደሰ፣ ዶ/ር ነጋሶ ጊዳዳ፣ ወ/ሮ ሙሉ ሰለሞን፣ ጋዜጠኛ መአዛ ብሩ፣አቶ ሙሼ ሰሙ፣አቶ አስራት ጣሴ፣ አቶ ግርማ ሰይፉ፣ አቶ ልደቱ አያሌው፣ ከቀድሞ የደርግ አመራሮችም አቶ ፍቅረስላሴ ወግደረስ፣ ሻምበል ፍሰሃ ደስታ በመድረኩ ላይ ይገኛሉ ተብሎ እንደሚጠበቅ ሰማያዊ ፓርቲ ጠቁሟል፡፡ 
በውይይት መድረኩ ላይ በሀገሪቱ ፖለቲካዊ ጉዳዮች ላይ በማህበራዊ ድረ-ገፆች  ሀሳብ በማንሸራሸር የሚታወቁ ጦማሪያንም እንደሚታደሙ የጠቆሙት የህዝብ ግንኙነት ኃላፊው፤ ደራሲ ይስማዕከ ወርቁን የመሳሰሉ ዕውቅ የጥበብ ባለሙያዎችም መጋበዛቸውን አስታውቀዋል፡፡

ከአዲስ አበባ ዩኒቨርሲቲም በተለይ በግጭት አፈታት ላይ በርካታ ጥናቶችን የሰሩና ያቀረቡ ምሁራን በደብዳቤ ጥሪ እንደተደረገላቸው የጠቆሙት አቶ አበበ፤ በግጭት አፈታት ላይ የሚሰሩ ተቋማትም ይገኛሉ ተብሎ ይጠበቃል ብለዋል፡፡ ለአራቱ የኢህአዴግ አባል ድርጅቶች፡- ለደኢህዴን፣ ብአዴን፣ ኦህዴድ እና ህወሓት በጉባኤው ላይ እንዲሳተፉ ፓርቲው በደብዳቤ ጥሪ ማስተላለፉን ተናግረዋል፡፡

 “ኢትዮጵያን ማን ይታደጋት?” በሚል አጀንዳ የሚካሄደው ይህ የውይይት መድረክ፤ በቅንነት የሀገሪቱ ችግሮች ተመርምረው፣ የመፍትሄ አቅጣጫዎች የሚመላከቱበት እንዲሆን ይፈለጋል ተብሏል፡፡ በመድረኩ ላይ የሰማያዊ ፓርቲ ሚና ከማስተባበር የዘለለ እንደማይሆንና የውይይት መድረኩ ለሁሉም ተሳታፊዎች ክፍት መሆኑን አስታውቀዋል - አቶ አበበ አካሉ፡፡

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