Germany Listens as German Ethiopians Protest the Authoritarian Meles Regime!
“Let us become the voice of our people in Ethiopia and the feet of our fellow Ethiopians back home who could not march in Addis Ababa”
August 12, 2009
In this first part, I want to share aspects of my journey from Frankfurt to Berlin, of the protest in front of the German parliament and in part two, I will share with you, our meeting with high officials in the German government at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and similar responses from Canadian, American and British elected officials who have already acknowledged a commitment to helping Ethiopians in their pursuit of freedom, justice and the respect of human rights.
The results of this past week’s events in Germany signal a new receptivity on the part of the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the German media and the German public towards listening to the issues of German Ethiopians regarding changing past German policy towards funding the Meles regime, which they consider a dictatorship.
Thanks to the efforts of some very committed German Ethiopians, the reality of what was really going on in Ethiopia—genocide, crimes against humanity, corruption, government-sponsored terrorism, tribal apartheid, the harsh suppression of political rights and the potential for a destabilizing backlash—was exposed at new levels in Germany, a key donor to the current authoritarian regime of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi.
Openly draconian actions by the Meles government, as they clamp down on any and every indication of resistance or free thought, are also contributing to a damaging, and perhaps irremediable, public image problem. Previous donor countries may not want to sustain the previous cozy partnership with Meles in the War on Terror as he becomes more openly known to be a dictator and perpetrator of genocide and crimes against humanity against his own people.
The meeting in Germany is a great example of how a very few devoted people were able to organize a series of events that collectively made a significant impact in our struggle for freedom, justice and the rule of law in Ethiopia. The Ethiopian people in Ethiopia are like an “under-anesthetized” patient, going through surgery with enough of a dose of medication to not be able to move or speak, but not enough to control the excruciating pain. They are screaming, but no sounds are coming out. Now, those Ethiopians in Germany have worked extraordinarily hard and found a way to be their voice; telling them not to have German taxpayers support a government who uses their money to harass, torture, bribe, intimidate and kill.
German Ethiopians invited me to be a guest at these events and I was very much honored to take part in what they had planned. I want to share aspects of my journey from Frankfurt to Berlin, of the protest in front of the German parliament and our meeting with high-level German officials.
Warmth of the Ethiopian People in Germany
After traveling for over seventeen hours from Canada to Frankfurt Germany, I was lifted up as I left the airport by three wonderful German Ethiopians, Mr. Elias TekleMichel, Mr. Samuel Mekasha and Mr. Tasew Tamiru all of whom I had never met in person, but all of whom I felt I already knew due to their warmth, kindness and their welcoming reception.What I experienced with them is what I have experienced in so many airports and cities where I have traveled and met Ethiopian people who are so caring, hospitable and loving. It is people like this who keep me doing what I am doing, despite the difficulties and challenges in this work. I also know how many more people, just like them, are back home in Ethiopia.
This is the beauty and wealth of Ethiopia; something that is at times overlooked when the focus is on our poverty or on our problems. I have experienced this time and time again as strangers turn into friends and then into brothers and sisters. I always say that these meetings with Ethiopians never fail to give me hope that with a new government in place in the future, that was based on principles of “humanity before ethnicity” and “no one is free until all are free,” and people who would work hard to implement such values, Ethiopia could truly become a remarkable government and a flourishing society.
The next day, just before midnight, we gathered at an Ethiopian restaurant, prior to taking off on a 700 kilometer bus ride to Berlin. At the restaurant we met with numerous others going with us, but in addition, according to some present, there were also Woyane or TPLF supporters, sitting in the restaurant eating and drinking, appearing somewhat uncomfortable. They seemed to know who I was so I went over to them to say hello and they said hello back to me.
Before the bus departed, other Ethiopians joined with us. Some of them had driven up to 400 kilometers from other cities and regions to join us in Frankfurt so we could all drive together to Berlin. I tried to talked to most of them and learn who they were.
One was a man who had brought his ten year old son along. He said he wanted his son to learn more about what was going on in the country. A number of the people were those who were still not citizens of Germany but who had filed for immigration status and were still waiting to hear. Everyone had a life story. While on the bus I talked to five young Ethiopian who travel more than 300 kilometers to join us in Frankfurt they were Mikiyas Taddesse Seyoum; Momina Ahmed; Tsige Bekele; Zemen Johannes and Nebila Seid. I talked to a wonderful couple Ms. Hana Abrahm and her husband Breiteweise Schwenfurt who travel 200 kilometers to Frankfurt. I have also talk to other Ethiopians like Belete Kelflie, Tibebu Assefa; Tamane Demissie; Tasfw Tamiru; Alebachew Adugna; Shenaye Abrere; Mengistu Shewasye; Tewdors Tadesse; Eyerus Alem; Betre Lemi; Abera Yibralm who drove over 250 kilometers to join us in Frankfurt.
At 1:45 AM the bus left. The lights of the beautiful city of Frankfurt disappeared as we drove into the darkness of the countryside, the only lights coming from a few oncoming cars. As we moved northward, I started talking to the driver of the bus Ato Teshome Zewdie. I learned that he drove buses for a living, but that he was driving this rented bus for free, even taking off two days of work to do it. This was an Ethiopian family man who still fervently loved his country of birth even after living in Germany for many years. I asked him his reasons. He said he wanted Ethiopia to become a country where his children could go back and find peace and freedom. He explained further, “Being an ‘Ethiopian’ is giving something back to your country,” [regardless of where you live.]
At 9 AM we arrived in Berlin, a city once divided by the Berlin wall, but now unified as one so successfully that one could cross the previous line dividing East Germany from West Germany without even knowing it. Is this not what we yearn for in Ethiopia? It was a ‘Stalinist’ government in East Germany that built the Berlin wall and it was the failure of that Marxist-Leninism ideology that caused the wall to fall; yet, the Meles TPLF government still clings to such ‘Stalinist’ tactics in 2009! Wikipedia defines Stalinism as “a term that refers to the political system of the Soviet Union under the leadership of Joseph Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union from 1928–1953.
The term implies an inherently oppressive system of extensive government spying, extrajudicial punishment, and political "purging", or elimination of political opponents either by direct killing or through exile, and it involves a state making extensive use of propaganda to establish a personality cult around an absolute dictator to maintain control over the nation's people and to maintain political control for the Communist Party.” Does this remind you of Ethiopia today under the dictatorship of Meles Zenawi?
Warmth and Openness of the German People
The receptivity of Germans may be greater because they remember what it was like, only a few years back, to live under or neighboring such a repressive government. As we got in front of the parliament building to prepare for the rally, the TV and newspaper reporters were already present and ready to interview us; asking why we were marching, wanting to know about the Solidarity Movement for a New Ethiopia (SMNE) and wondering what results we were seeking from the German government and public. They were already well-informed on the issues of Ethiopians and had read the SMNE website.
One of the interviewers pointed out the difference between German policies towards Zimbabwe and Ethiopia as being totally different even though Meles and Mugabe were the same; questioning the reason for the double standards. We discussed how Meles had been trying to convince Germany, the US and other donor countries that he was the only one who could help fight the “War on Terror,” even though he was terrorizing his own people.
I told the newspaper reporter that I hoped that Chancellor Angela Merkel and her government, who have been supporting Meles, would change sides—siding with the people of Ethiopia instead of a dictator because a dictator will finally go, but the people will always remain. I told the reporter that Ethiopians were ready for change, but that we were not asking the German government to do the work for us; instead, we were asking them not to be a roadblock.
The newspaper reporter said that she had been in Ethiopia at the time of the election and she had seen for herself how much Ethiopians wanted change. She asked about the new Charities and Society Proclamation law and the new Anti-Terrorism law. I explained to her the following:
“Meles has done this in order to silence the people in the Diaspora, by intimidating their families, putting the final nail in the coffin of democracy in Ethiopia. If Germans care about democracy and stability in the Horn of Africa, this is the time to re-evaluate support of the Meles regime because Ethiopians and others deserve a better government than what they have. Ethiopian Germans who now call Germany home, want their government in Berlin to do the right thing towards the Ethiopian people. They, as constituents, are demanding that their voices, as German citizens, be heard, rather than to listen to propaganda from the Meles government. They are asking their fellow German citizens to stand with them in this!”
Deutsche Welle radio then interviewed two of the organizers MS. Asayesh Rauseliel, Mr. Seyoum Habtemariam and me, in Amharic. Our interview was then transmitted back home. They asked similar questions about the purpose of rally, what we wanted as results and what we thought of the new anti-terrorism law.
The March in Front of German Parliament
The march caused many Germans and tourists to stop as they were walking or to slow their cars as they drove by in order to find out more about the reasons behind the march. Marchers sang songs, carried the Ethiopian flag and held up placards or shouted out statements such as: “Stop supporting dictators,” “Meles should be brought to the ICC for genocide and crimes against humanity,” Release our political prisoners,” “Don’t side with a dictator,” “Meles committed genocide in Gambella, the Ogaden and elsewhere,” and “No more tax support for guns to a dictator who kills our families!” German police respectfully listened and led us as we peacefully marched to the office of the Minister of Foreign Affairs. What a difference between protesting in a free country as opposed to Ethiopia where the police and security forces may kill you for doing exactly the same thing as we did in Berlin.
As we gathered to address the crowd, I was given the opportunity to speak. I told the audience that Ethiopians were there to tell the German government to not support a government where we would end up in a body bag for speaking out like we were freely doing in the streets of Berlin. I told them:
“What we are doing here would never be allowed in Ethiopia because the government, the police and the military are enemies of the public. In Ethiopia, we could be killed, but in a free country, the police are escorting us. How can the German government support this kind of regime? This is unacceptable. In Ethiopia, it has become a criminal offense to speak of your political rights, to advocate for the disabled or for children’s or women’s rights; something that could put you in jail for up to 15 years. The human values and rights we take to be so precious in western countries do not officially exist in Ethiopia. Political participation, freedom of expression, freedom of assembly and all the other freedoms we uphold in Germany, are not allowed in Ethiopia.”
I thanked the Ethiopian people, telling them that they had advanced the struggle and should be proud of themselves. They had become the voice of the people in Ethiopia and the feet of their fellow Ethiopians back home who could not march in Addis Ababa, but who could march, through them, in Berlin.
In a companion article, Part Two, I will share with you, our meeting with high officials in the German government at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and similar responses from Canadian, American and British elected officials who have already acknowledged a commitment to helping Ethiopians in their pursuit of freedom, justice and the respect of human rights. They have some very good advice for us to further our partnership and our effectiveness.
May God bring new partners together in effective ways!
Please do not hesitate to email me if you have comments: Obang@solidaritymovement.org
This is Part Two of Germany Listens as German Ethiopians Protest the Authoritarian Meles Regime!:
“Will You Become Part of the “Collective Voice” of the Ethiopian Diaspora?”
August 14, 2009
In this second part, I will share with Ethiopians what I have learned after our meeting with high level German government officials. In addition to that, I will also share with you, similar responses from my follow-up with American, Canadian and British elected officials who have already acknowledged a commitment to helping Ethiopians in their pursuit of freedom, justice and the respect of human rights.
The organizers of the Berlin march had arranged for meetings between high level German government officials and members of our group which included two very articulate German Ethiopians, Ms. Asayesh Tamiruand; Dr. Fekadu Bekele and myself. The time spent with these officials ended up being very productive. I was told that it was the first time that these kinds of meeting with Ethiopians had taken place; seeming to give signals of a new receptivity within Germany to the reconsideration of their foreign policies towards this increasingly authoritarian regime in Ethiopia.
We anticipated a short meeting with some of them, but they were so very open to listening and to asking and responding to questions that one of those strategic meetings lasted over an hour and a half. This openness may indeed indicate a new change of mood that I have seen, not only in Berlin, but also when I met in May with the a US government official at the US Department of State, earlier in the month when I met with the Minister of Foreign Affairs officials in Ottawa and late in the same month with their counterparts in the United Kingdom. It may be becoming more difficult to support a regime that is increasingly being seen as a dictatorship and perpetrator of gross human rights atrocities.
The Meles regime, once viewed as a stabilizing influence (not a view I share) in the Horn, is fast unraveling and is instead of promising to bring more stability, could erupt, bringing new levels of chaos and violence to Ethiopia. It is in the best interests of donor countries seeking stability in the Horn to counter this looming threat by taking deliberate leveraging action in support of a more legitimate style of government and efforts to bring about national reconciliation.
These are the signs that the Meles regime is in spiraling danger of implosion; many of which were shared at these meetings:
o Substantiated claims of a pattern of complicity of the Meles regime in the perpetration of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes, causing Genocide Watch to refer the case of Ethiopia to the UN High Commissioner of Human Rights, calling for an investigation.
o Meles cancelling his NEPAD press conference at the G-20, turning his back on all of Africa because he appeared to be afraid to face the media; allegedly in relation to the above-mentioned claims.
o Passage of the Charities & Society Proclamation that makes it a crime, punishable for up to fifteen years for advocating in Ethiopia (if receiving foreign support) for human rights, children’s rights, disability rights, for ethnic reconciliation and other such societal building blocks.
o Passage of the new anti-terrorism law which can be easily politically manipulated so that just about anyone could be charged with terrorism and receive long sentences or death for minor or trumped up infractions.
o Kicking 42 humanitarian organizations out of the country, despite reports of worsening conditions for starving Ethiopians and other significant humanitarian needs
o Sentencing popular opposition leader Birtukan Mideksa to life imprisonment and repressing any opposition that could challenge the ruling party in the 2010 Ethiopian National election.
o Lack of any political space or freedom of expression
o Arresting the father of a Ginbot-7 leader, an 87 year old man with diabetes for being part of a coup plot that most believe was trumped up.
o Sentencing a business man, Bashir Mahktal, to life imprisonment for what most believe is retaliation against Ogadenis and the ONLF as Mahktal’s grandfather was a co-founder of the ONLF.
o Increasing defections of top officials from the EPRDF; including the Minister of Communications and parliament members
o Mass firing of police and top security officials in Addis Ababa
o Lack of availability of electricity in the capital city of Addis Ababa (down to only three days a week) challenging Meles’ claims to double digit economic growth.
o Alliance with Omar al-Bashir of the Sudan, someone indicted by the ICC for human rights crimes
o Actively and significantly worsening situation in Somalia and the Horn of Africa due to widespread and well documented human rights crimes, potentially causing an Anti-German, Anti-American, Anti-UK, Anti-Canadian and Anti-West backlash against any donor governments supporting Meles.
o A rising level of anger and tension within the country, reported by many sources, towards Meles and his TPLF government that many fear will break out into violence.
Will You Become Part of the “Collective Voice” of the Ethiopian Diaspora?
What we have learned after meeting with German officials is that the effectiveness of Meles’ lies to leaders in the west is weakening thanks to many Ethiopians who have been working very hard to break these misconceptions, becoming a voice for those who cannot be heard.
This time it was our brothers and sisters in Germany, but it also includes those Ethiopians who continue to send “information from the ground” out of the country, those who write articles, those who operate one of the many Ethiopian websites, those who host radio stations, those who organize events, those who do research and those who do a host of other things for the good of the country. The collective voice of Ethiopians is making a difference! It was obvious in Germany this past week.
This coming Sunday, another group will be raising their voice in Washington D.C. and Ethiopians in the area should support it. Gasha for Ethiopia will be holding a conference on August 16 at the Washington Marriott from 1:30 PM to 6 PM and are inviting all interested people. They are a part of the wonderful Tigrayan family of Ethiopians who have not sided with a dictator. I urge all the people who are in Washington DC to show your commitment and love for Ethiopia by attending this meeting sponsored by our Ethiopian brothers and sisters.
Professor Alemariam has been invited as a key distinguished speaker. Go and listen to someone who has been writing countless in-depth, weekly articles that have exposed the truth, informed the public and encouraged Ethiopians to carry on in this struggle. Side by side with him, is Chris Flaherty, a producer of a new documentary about Ethiopia that will be shown at the conference. An American married to an Ethiopia, he is our new brother-in-law, whose love of Ethiopia is displayed as he uses this film to speak out about our country. Such events are going on all over and greatly contribute to our collective voice! We know it is paying off so let us become more intense and more collaborative in our varied efforts so the sum is far greater than the individual parts!
The March to Stop Genocide and Dictatorship Belongs to Every Ethiopian!
Another such event where we can show our collective voice is the upcoming March to Stop Genocide and Dictatorship in Ethiopia/Africa, a once in a lifetime event that key western government officials, who are most greatly concerned about the crisis of justice and democracy in Ethiopia, say could have a major impact on donor countries, totally changing the course of events if Ethiopians and others get behind it by showing up in huge numbers! People have already bought tickets to come from London, Johannesburg, Tel Aviv, Frankfurt, Oslo, Amsterdam, in Canada, the US and other places in the Diaspora. What a great start! How about those people nearby, especially in Washington D.C.? Can we count on you?
This is a strategic chance to create a huge blow to this regime—unless Ethiopians block or sabotage the effort themselves by undermining the mission, by lack of support or by lack of participation. This could happen if Ethiopians or Ethiopian groups fail to see the “big picture” and only want to advance their own interests. This has happened repeatedly in the past; however, hopefully, we Ethiopians have grown beyond these self-destructive and childish games!
What better way to strengthen our ability to work together in the future than for all types of groups to come together for the March, scheduled for Sunday, September 13, 2009 from noon to 5:00 in Washington D.C. in front of the US Capitol building. This march is not “owned” by any one group, but is for everyone who believes in justice, freedom and human rights for all, rather than for only one’s own group. It is for everyone who is willing to collaborate with others. It is time to put aside more specific agendas of any particular organization and to come together for national goals and principles that uphold the rights and value of all Ethiopians.
If you believe in a free Ethiopia, let us take up the hammer of justice; and together, pound the final nails in the coffin of oppression, tyranny and ethnic-fascism. Anyone who is wanting to strengthen the voice for the voiceless Ethiopians should be part of this and should also work to advance this effort among those in your groups, organizations and communities. Partisan politics and personal, political or ethnic ambitions should not interfere with any who are sincerely wanting change in Ethiopia! Again, this march is a group effort by Ethiopians of any and every background. Let this be a powerful display of people united against ethnic fascism and by their dream of an Ethiopia where none are free until all are free!
In conclusion, we are seeing the signs that the Meles regime is weakening. It is now our chance to strengthen our impact by greater collaboration so that their days will be numbered and the dark clouds that are hanging over Ethiopia will disperse, leaving clearer and lighter blue skies that will be visible to all people who live in the land. Let us find new openness among ourselves to become more genuinely collaborative. Let us be patient, trusting in God and keep our hope alive.